ADDRESS OF HIS BEATITUDE LOUIS RAPHAËL I SAKO, PATRIARCH OF BABYLON OF THE CHALDEANS

ADDRESS OF HIS BEATITUDE LOUIS RAPHAËL I SAKO, PATRIARCH OF BABYLON OF THE CHALDEANS

Holiness,

In my name and that of my new brother Cardinals, I think your Holiness for the trust placed in us and for having called us to serve with an ever greater love the Church and all men.

This naming of cardinals from diverse countries expresses the vitality and the opening of the Catholic Church and concretizes her catholicity – her universality – in service to all men,

His Beatitude Sako (CNS photo)

A number of Muslims have come to give me their best wishes, and they expressed their admiration for the opening of the Church and for your always being close to people in their concerns, fears and hopes.

As far as I am concerned, I am the recipient of your special attention for the Eastern Churches and for the small flock at constitutes the Christians in the Middle East, in Pakistan and in other countries that are going through a difficult period because of wars and sectarianism and where there are still many martyrs. We pray and hope that your efforts to promote peace will change the hearts of men and women for the better and will contribute to assuring a dignified atmosphere for every person.

These nominations on the day of Pentecost did not come by chance. We are called to commit to announcing and expressing more deeply the faith that responds to the needs of the current time and the future, and it impels us to an ever greater service more attentive to the people of God entrusted to us and it asks us to have ever broader horizons.

Naming one to the cardinalate is not a prize or a personal honor, as is sometimes thought but rather it is sending us into mission with a red habit (indicating) that we will give our life to the very end, even to the shedding of blood, bringing “Evangelii gaudium” –the gospel of joy – to everyone.

Your paternal call for us is an encouragement in our sufferings and gives us the hope that the actual storm will pass, and it will be possible to live together harmoniously. I firmly believe in the fullness of love, right to the very end. This blood of the martyrs has not been shed for nothing, Holiness!

We assure you of our support and an even more intense collaboration in promoting a culture of dialogue, of respect and peace everywhere and in particular where there is need such as in Iraq, the land of Abraham, in Syria, in Palestine and in the Middle East and throughout the world. We are aware of the risks and the challenges that we must face but our faith in the Lord gives us the courage to continue to hope for a better future for everyone.

Today in your presence we wish to renew our fidelity, the love of the church and our people with the promise that we will do our best to be joyful witnesses of our faith, our love, freely given, of pardon, and building peace in a world that lives in indifference, consumerism and in conflicts of power and interest.

POPE FRANCIS TO NEW CARDINALS: THE GREATEST PROMOTION THAT CAN BE AWARDED US: TO SERVE CHRIST IN GOD’S FAITHFUL PEOPLE

POPE FRANCIS TO NEW CARDINALS: THE GREATEST PROMOTION THAT CAN BE AWARDED US: TO SERVE CHRIST IN GOD’S FAITHFUL PEOPLE

“They were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them” (Mk 10:32). [1]

The beginning of this typical passage in Mark always helps us realize how the Lord cares for his people with a pedagogy all his own. Journeying to Jerusalem, Jesus is careful to walk ahead of his disciples.

Jerusalem represents the defining and decisive moment of his life. All of us know that at important and crucial times in life, the heart can speak and reveal the intentions and tensions within us. These turning points in life challenge us; they bring out questions and desires not always evident to our human hearts. This is what is presented, with great simplicity and realism, in the Gospel passage we have just heard. At the third and most troubling announcement of the Lord’s passion, the Evangelist does not shrink from disclosing secrets present in the hearts of the disciples: their quest of honours, jealousy, envy, intrigue, accommodation and compromise. This kind of thinking not only wears and eats away at their relationship, but also imprisons them in useless and petty discussions. Yet Jesus is not concerned with this: he walks ahead of them and he keeps going. And he tells them forcefully: “But it shall not be so among you; whoever would be great among you must be your servant” (Mk 10:43). In this way, the Lord tries to refocus the eyes and hearts of his disciples, so that there will be no fruitless and self-referential discussions in the community. What does it profit us to gain the whole world if we are corroded within? What does it profit us to gain the whole world if we are living in a stifling atmosphere of intrigues that dry up our hearts and impede our mission? Here, as someone has observed, we might think of all those palace intrigues that take place, even in curial offices.

“But it shall not be so among you”. The Lord’s response is above all an encouragement and a challenge to his disciples to recoup their better part, lest their hearts be spoiled and imprisoned by a worldly mentality blind to what is really important. “But it shall not be so among you”. The voice of the Lord saves the community from undue introspection and directs its vision, resources, aspirations and heart to the only thing that counts: the mission.

Jesus teaches us that conversion, change of heart and Church reform is and ever shall be in a missionary key, which demands an end to looking out for and protecting our own interests, in order to look out for and protect those of the Father. Conversion from our sins and from selfishness will never be an end in itself, but is always a means of growing in fidelity and willingness to embrace the mission. At the moment of truth, especially when we see the distress of our brothers and sisters, we will be completely prepared to accompany and embrace them, one and all. In this way, we avoid becoming effective “roadblocks”, whether because of our short-sightedness[2] or our useless wrangling about who is most important. When we forget the mission, when we lose sight of the real faces of our brothers and sisters, our life gets locked up in the pursuit of our own interests and securities. Resentment then begins to grow, together with sadness and revulsion. Gradually we have less and less room for others, for the Church community, for the poor, for hearing the Lord’s voice. Joy fades and the heart withers (cf. Evangelii Gaudium, 2).

“But it shall not be so among you”. Jesus goes on to say. “Whoever would be first among you must be slave of all” (Mk 10:43.44). This is the Beatitude and the Magnificat that we are called to sing daily. It is the Lord’s invitation not to forget that the Church’s authority grows with this ability to defend the dignity of others, to anoint them and to heal their wounds and their frequently dashed hopes. It means remembering that we are here because we have been asked “to preach good news to the poor…to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord” (Lk 4:18-19).

Dear brother Cardinals and new Cardinals! In our journey towards Jerusalem, the Lord walks ahead of us, to keep reminding us that the only credible form of authority is born of sitting at the feet of others in order to serve Christ. It is the authority that comes from never forgetting that Jesus, before bowing his head on the cross, did not hesitate to bow down and wash the feet of the disciples. This is the highest honour that we can receive, the greatest promotion that can be awarded us: to serve Christ in God’s faithful people. In those who are hungry, neglected, imprisoned, sick, suffering, addicted to drugs, cast aside. In real people, each with his or her own life story and experiences, hopes and disappointments, hurts and wounds. Only in this way, can the authority of the Shepherd have the flavour of Gospel and not appear as “a noisy gong or a clanging symbol” (1 Cor 13:1). None of us must feel “superior” to anyone. None of us should look down at others from above. The only time we can look at a person in this way is when we are helping them to stand up.

I would like now to share with you a part of the spiritual testament of Saint John XXIII. Progressing in his own journey, he could say: “Born poor, but of humble and respectable folk, I am particularly happy to die poor, having distributed, in accordance with the various needs and circumstances of my simple and modest life in the service of the poor and of Holy Church which has nurtured me, whatever came into my hands – and it was very little – during the years of my priesthood and episcopate. Appearances of wealth have frequently disguised thorns of frustrating poverty, which prevented me from giving to others as generously as I would have wished. I thank God for this grace of poverty to which I vowed fidelity in my youth; poverty of spirit, as a priest of the Sacred Heart, and material poverty, which has strengthened me in my resolve never to ask for anything – money, positions or favours – never, either for myself, or for my relations and friends” (29 June 1954). _________________________

AN ORDINARY PUBLIC CONSISTORY: BACKGROUND AND RITUALS

As I post this column, the consistory in St. Peter’s is about to start. When the embargo on the talk by Cardinal Sako and the homily by Pope Francis is over, I will publish those in a separate post.

AN ORDINARY PUBLIC CONSISTORY: BACKGROUND AND RITUALS

The Holy See Press Office published data on the ordinary public consistory that Pope Francis announced on Pentecost Sunday, May 20, 2018 at the Regina Coeli. Following are Francis’ words at that moment, including the names of the new cardinals, how a consistory unfolds and where the new cardinals may be seen in the late afternoon, traditional post-consistory “Courtesy Visits” hosted by the Vatican.

Regina Coeli, Sunday, May 20, 2018

Dear brothers and sisters,

I am glad to announce that on 28th June I will hold a Consistory for the appointment of fourteen new cardinals. Their origins express the universality of the Church, who continues to announce God’s merciful love to all men on earth. Moreover, the insertion of the new cardinals in the diocese of Rome, expresses the inseparable link between the See of Peter and the particular Churches throughout the world.

These are the names of the new cardinals:

1. His Beatitude Louis Raphaël I Sako, Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans;
2. H.E. Msgr. Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer, S.I., prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith;
3. H.E. Msgr. Angelo De Donatis, vicar general of Rome;
4. H.E. Msgr. Giovanni Angelo Becciu, Substitute for the General Affairs of the Secretariat of State and special delegate to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta;
5. H.E. Msgr. Konrad Krajewski, apostolic almoner;
6. H.E. Msgr. Joseph Coutts, archbishop of Karachi;
7. H.E. Msgr. António dos Santos Marto, bishop of Leiria-Fátima;
8. H.E. Msgr. Pedro Barreto Jimeno, S.I., archbishop of Huancayo;
9. H.E. Msgr. Désiré Tsarahazana, archbishop of Toamasina;
10. H.E. Msgr. Giuseppe Petrocchi, archbishop of L’Aquila;
11. H.E. Msgr. Thomas Aquinas Manyo Maeda, archbishop of Osaka.
Along with them, I will join with the members of the College of Cardinals an archbishop, a bishop and a religious who are distinguished for their service to the Church:
12. H.E. Msgr. Sergio Obeso Rivera, archbishop emeritus of Xalapa;
13. H.E. Msgr. Toribio Ticona Porco, prelate emeritus of Corocoro;
14. Rev. Fr. Aquilino Bocos Merino, Claretian.
Let us pray for the new cardinals, so that, confirming their following of Christ, merciful and faithful Supreme Priest (cf. Heb 2: 17), they may help me in my ministry as bishop of Rome for the good of all the faithful Holy People of God.

As of the June 28 consistory the College of Cardinals will have 226 members:
– 77 created by Pope St. John Paul
– 75 created by Pope emeritus Benedict XVI
– 74 created by Pope Francis

As of June 28, there are 125 cardinal electors (that is, under the age of 80) (5 electors over the ceiling set by Blessed Pope Paul VI:)
– 19 were created by Pope John Paul II
– 47 created by Benedict XVI
– 59 created by Francis

Of the 226 total members of the College of Cardinals:
– Europe has 107 cardinals (of whom 53 electors, **)
– North America has 26 (of whom 17 electors)
– Central America has 8 (5 electors)
– South America has 27 (13 electors)
– Africa has 26 cardinals (16 electors)
– Asia 26 cardinals (17 electors)
– Oceania 6 cardinals (4 electors)
– ** Italy alone has 44 cardinals, of whom 22 are electors

ORDINARY PUBLIC CONSISTORY FOR THE CREATION OF 14 NEW CARDINALS

THURSDAY, JUNE 28TH

16:00 p.m. St. Peter’s Basilica – Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals

18:00 – 20:00 p.m. COURTESY VISITS to the new Cardinals:

PAUL VI HALL

Atrium

1. His Beatitude Louis Raphaël I Sako 2. His Excellency Msgr. Joseph Couttsi 3. His Excellency Msgr. Sergio Obeso Rivera 4. His Excellency Msgr. Toribio Ticona Porco 5. Reverend Father Aquilino Bocos Merino, C.M.F.

Hall

6. His Excellency Msgr. Angelo De Donatis 7. His Excellency Msgr. António Augusto dos Santos Marto 8. His Excellency Msgr. Pedro Barreto Jimeno, S.I. 9. His Excellency Msgr. Désiré Tsarahazana 10. His Excellency Msgr. Giuseppe Petrocchi 11. His Excellency Msgr. Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda

APOSTOLIC PALACE

“Regia” Room

12. His Excellency Msgr. Giovanni Angelo Becciu

“Ducale” Room

13. His Excellency Msgr. Mons. Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer, S.I. 14. His Excellency Msgr. Konrad Krajewski

ORDINARY PUBLIC CONSISTORY FOR THE CREATION OF 14 NEW CARDINALS

I – The rite (JFL file photo)

On Thursday, June 28, 2018 at 16:00 p.m. in St. Peter’s Basilica, Pope Francis will hold an Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of 14 new Cardinals. A Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals contains the following points:

– The Greeting; Prayer; Epistle

– At the opening of the celebration the first of the new cardinals (Louis Raphaël I Sako) then addresses the Holy Father, on behalf of everyone.

– Allocution of the Holy Father

– The Pope reads the formula of creation, and solemnly proclaims the names of the new cardinals.

“Dear brothers and sisters, we are about to carry out an agreeable and solemn task of our sacred ministry. It chiefly concerns the Church of Rome, but it also affects the entire ecclesial community: we will call certain of our brethren to enter the College of Cardinals, so that they may be united to the Chair of Peter by a closer bond our apostolic ministry. Having been invested with the sacred purple, they are to be fearless witnesses to Christ and his Gospel in the City of Rome and in faraway regions. Therefore, by the authority of Almighty God, of Saints Peter and Paul and our Own, we create and solemnly proclaim Cardinals of Holy Roman Church these brothers of ours…”

– The Profession of Faith and the oath of fidelity by new cardinals:. “I, N., Cardinal of Holy Roman Church, promise and swear, from this day forth and as long as I live, to remain faithful to Christ and his Gospel, constantly obedient to the Holy Apostolic Roman Church, to Blessed Peter in the person of the Supreme Pontiff, become members of the Roman clergy and cooperate more directly in Francis and his canonically elected successors, always to remain in communion with the Catholic Church in my words and actions, not to make known to anyone matters entrusted to me in confidence, the disclosure of which could bring damage or dishonour to Holy Church, to carry out diligently and faithfully the duties to which I am called in my service to the Church, according to the norms laid down by law. So help me Almighty God.”

– Each new cardinal then approaches the Holy Father and kneels before him to receive the cardinal’s biretta, the cardinalatial ring and the name of his title or deaconry:

– The Pope places the biretta on his head and says, in part: “(This is) scarlet as a sign of the dignity of the cardinalate, signifying your readiness to act with courage, even to the shedding of your blood, for the increase of the Christian faith, for the peace and tranquillity of the people of God and for the freedom and growth of Holy Roman Church.

– The Pope gives the cardinalatial ring: “Receive the ring from the hands of Peter and know that your love for the Church is strengthened by the love of the Price off the Apostles.”

– The new cardinals are assigned a church of Rome (“Title” or “Deaconry”), as a sign of their participation in the pastoral care of the Pope for the City.

– The Holy Father hands over the Bull of the Creation of Cardinals, assigns the Title or Deaconry and exchanges a kiss of peace with the new members of the College of Cardinals.

– The cardinals also exchange such a sign among themselves.

– The rite is concluded with the Lord’s Prayer.

FRIDAY, JUNE 29TH (THE SOLEMNITY OF ST. PETER AND PAUL)

9:30 a.m. St. Peter’s Square – Blessing of the Pallia (Palliums) – Holy Mass

12:00 p.m. Angelus Domini